Module 1: Basic principles of applying dermatoscopy in inflammatory skin diseases
This module focuses on the use of dermoscopy using these five parameters to guide diagnosis: vessels, scaling, follicular findings, other structures and specific clues. The module looks at the dermoscopy of papulosquamous skin diseases like psoriasis and dermatitis as well as common facial inflammatory skin diseases, including rosacea and discoid lupus erythematosus. It includes dermoscopic findings, pathologic correlation and treatment options. The important morphologic parameters on dermoscopy are evaluated. The module concludes with an explanation of how to diagnose hair and scalp diseases using trichoscopy and supported by illustrations and clinical examples of several hair and scalp skin conditions.
Module 2: Common inflammatory dermatoses of the face and trunk
This module looks at the main difference between dermoscopy of inflammatory dermatoses and dermoscopy of skin cancer. The benefits of inflammoscopy are explained and the five parameters to be evaluated (vessels, scaling, follicular findings, other structures and specific clues) are listed. Differentiation between common papulosquamous dermatoses is explained and examples of the different conditions are given. The two-step approach for inflammatory dermatoses is given - the collection of clinical data and setting of dermoscopic diagnosis and the incorporation of dermoscopic data. The module concludes with a number of patient cases taking into account the efficacy of the applied treatment by using dermoscopic and photographic examples of several skin conditions.
Module 3: Basic principles of trichoscopy
This module describes trichoscopy and evaluates the important morphologic parameters of trichoscopy. A comparison is made between dry trichoscopy and trichoscopy with immersion fluid. The appearance of different types of hair shafts and hair follicles are described. This includes criteria to assist with investigations and demonstrates the morphological changes to hair follicles and hair shafts that assist diagnosis of hair problems. Clinical images support module learning. The final section of the module looks at pathological findings including examples of hairpin elongated vessels, arborising vessels, glomerular vessels and thick arborising vessels.
Module 4: Dermatoscopy in skin of colour
This module commences with outlining the major forms of melanin and relevance when using dermoscopy. Melanoma facts and a checklist for people with skin of colour are listed. The dermoscopic features of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are given and illustrated using dermoscopic images throughout to show the different classifications. Attention is also paid to inflammatory dermatoses and pigmentary disorders in people of colour and how to diagnose these conditions. This is supported by numerous clinical examples of different skin conditions. The module concludes with a focus on detecting melasma and ochronosis.